KITE is a winning member of consortiums of different European Projects in the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission.
Research is a component of a knowledge triangle (the other two being education and innovation) meant to boost growth and employment in the European Union (EU) in the context of a global economy. The 7th Framework Programme for Research, covering the period 2007 to 2013, is an opportunity for the EU to match its research policy to its ambitions in terms of economic and social policy by consolidating the European Research Area (ERA). In order to achieve this objective, the Commission hopes to increase the EU’s annual spending on research, thereby generating more national and private investment in this field. When it is implemented, the 7th Framework Programme will also have to respond to the research and knowledge needs of industry and more generally of EU policies. The Framework Programme is organised around four main programmes and has been greatly simplified so as to be more effective and more accessible to researchers.
The 7th Framework Programme is adapted to the EU’s needs in terms of growth and employment. After wide-ranging public consultation, four main objectives have been identified, which correspond to the four specific programmes around which the European research effort is to be structured.
PROSPERO (PROactive Safety PERformance for Operations) will develop, implement and evaluate a prototype management system for identifying and actively managing systemic risks in the Air Transport System, including complex and novel interactions. This will include the following components:
A dissemination and exploitation process that manages active real-time engagement with the wider aviation community and key institutional stakeholders, including the following: SESAR, SES PRB, EASA, IATA, ACI, FAA, ICAO, so as to ensure that PROSPERO delivers what the industry requires and that there is a clear path to the adoption and implementation of its methodologies, tools and organisational framework.
The problem of current automation systems is that their design solely analyzes the aircraft system’s state, taking only this aspect in consideration for dynamic task allocation between the crew and automation. Indeed, automation is not aware of the crew and, at times, it might act forcefully and imperatively, causing the crew not to understand what the system is doing or pursue goals that differ from those of the automation.
On the contrary, automation should be seen as a partner with the human crew in the global endeavor of flying the aircraft. The crew and automation should form a team that at all time flies the aircraft safely to achieve its current objectives.
In response to the actual lacks in design, A-PiMod will enable the automation system to account for pilots’ emotional and cognitive states, and to improve systems in permanently assessing what the crew is – or is not – doing, as well as what they should be doing at the current time.
The main goal of the Project A-PiMod (Applying Pilot Models for Safer Aircraft) is to advance a new adaptive automation concept based on a hybrid of three elements - multimodal pilot (crew) interaction, operator modeling, and real-time risk assessment. The A-PiMod approach and the project results will contribute to improved human centered design of future aircraft cockpits.
The availability of a real-time pilot or crew model will also allow implementing a new training approach; as a spin-off of the project, an A-PiMod training tool will be developed for delivering flight crew competent in handling critical situations in modern cockpits.
In VRUITS (Vulnerable Road Users Through ITS Applications), KITE is involved in several Work Packages and is Leader of the 4th
In the past, Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) success has been achieved primarily though equipment of the vehicle and infrastructure. The focus of these ITS has been on clean, safe and efficient mobility for cars and trucks. European, national and international efforts have concentrated on the deployment of these systems.
The Vulnerable Road User (VRU) has reaped fewer benefits of the ITS developments. While some EU co-funded projects, such as SAVE-U, PROTECTOR, WATCH-OVER and PREVENT-IP have considered VRUs from a safety viewpoint, this consideration was often vehicle-centred, and aimed to avoid or mitigate accidents with VRUs by equipping the vehicle and infrastructure. The VRU itself is considered a passive participant in these scenarios. Indeed, in the vehicle – infrastructure – human approach of ITS research, human beings are only studied in their role as drivers. VRUs and their needs are not an active part of the “human” element in the ITS approach.
The proposed VRUITS project takes a VRU-centric approach to coming to recommendations for ITS applications aimed at improving the safety, mobility and comfort of VRUs, leading to a full integration of the VRU in the traffic system.
The VRUITS project will achieve the following main objectives:
1. Assess societal impacts of selected ITS, and provide recommendations for policy and industry regarding ITS in order to improve the safety and mobility of VRUs;2. Provide evidence-based recommended practices on how VRU can be integrated in Intelligent Transport Systems and on how HMI designs can be adapted to meet the needs of VRUs, and test these recommendations in field trials.
In MASCA, KITE is involved in several Work Packages and is Leader of the 4th concerning CMS Development.
The MASCA project involves services (procedures, decision systems, prototypes) aimed at identifying elements in business processes of Aviation Systems in which changes are required in order to enhance, speed up and improve safety of work.
The Work Packages in which KITE is involved are:
In PSIP, KITE is involved in several Work Packages and is Leader of the 13thWP; concerning Dissemination and Exploitation.
The project PATIENT SAFETY THROUGH INTELLIGENT PROCEDURES IN MEDICATION (PSIP) deals with Adverse Drug Events (ADE) due to product safety problems and medication errors due to Human Factors (HF) which are a major issue in public health. They endanger the patients’ safety and originate considerable extra hospital costs.
ICT applications should help to reduce the incidence of preventable ADE, by providing the healthcare professionals and patients with relevant knowledge. The objective of PSIP is in fact to : facilitate the systematic production of epidemiological knowledge on ADE.
The Work Packages in which KITE is involved are:
In ITERATE, KITE is involved in several Work Packages and is Leader of the 6th (concerning the Model numerical development and tuning) and 8th (concerning the Dissemination and exploitation ) WP.
In recent years, a variety of driver support and information management systems have been designed and implemented with the objective of improving the safety as well as the performance of vehicles. While the crucial issues at a technical level have been mostly solved, their consequences on driver activity remains open and needs to be fully explained
The objective of the ITERATE (IT for Error Remediation And Trapping Emergencies)project is to develop a model of driver behavior and driver interaction that willallow such assessments in a safe and controllable environment. This model will be applicable to and validated for all the surface transport modes.
Drivers’ age, gender, education, experience and culture are factors that will beconsidered together with influences from the environment and the vehicle.
In ISi-PADADS, KITE is involved in several Work Packages and is Leader of the 5th; concerning Improved Methodology for Risk Based Design, and 6th; concerning the Dissemination and Exploitation WP.
The ISi-PADAS project focuses on one of the basic driving tasks, namely longitudinal control including the selection and maintenance of a safe speed and, if required, distance towards preceding cars or obstacles.
The purpose of the target systems in ISi-PADAS is to demonstrate the avantages of the new risk based methodology with regard to:
In INSPIRE, KITE is involved in all Work Packages and is Leader of the 5th, concerning Trial and Demonstration.
The INSPIRE (INcreasing Security and Protection through Infrastructure REsilience) proposal aims at enhancing the European potential in the field of security by assuring the protection of critical information infrastructures through the identification of their vulnerabilities and the development of innovative techniques for securing networked process control systems.
To increase the resilience of such systems INSPIRE proposal is to protect critical information infrastructures by appropriately configuring, managing, and securing the communication network which interconnect the distributed control systems.
A working prototype will be implemented to be used as final demonstrator of specific scenarios. Involved experts will support project partners in the validation and demonstration activities, thus enhancing the effectiveness of such multidisciplinary consortium.
INSPIRE will also contribute standardisation process in order to foster multi-operator interoperability and coordinated strategies for securing lifeline system.
The WorkPackages in which KITE is involved are:
In MODSAFE (Modular Urban Transport Safety and Security Analysis), KITE is involved in two Work Packages and is Leader of the 8th concerning with “Review of the existing means and measures for security systems.”
The European Urban Guided Transport sector (Lightrails, Metros, but also Tramways and Regional Commuter trains) is still characterized by a highly diversified landscape of Safety Requirements, Safety Models, Responsibilities and Roles and Safety Approval, Acceptance and Certification Schemes.
While a certain convergence in architectures and systems can be observed, the safety life cycle still differs from country to country and sometimes even within one country. Furthermore security items are considered more and more as vital for the urban transport sector. In some cases these items are linked to the safety of the urban transport systems. Interchangeability of components is, however, a driving force to reduce procurement costs and commercial risks, but turns out to be technically even more challenging than interoperability. Operators are local organizations that are – compared to large Mainline Railway Operators – relatively small companies, often not having the capacity to support a full qualified safety team.
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