Kite has collaborated together with other partners in the “Palais Lumiere” project with the development of the Evaluation of Risks Aviation (ERA) connected to the Palais Lumiere building constructions in the areas surrounding the “Marco Polo” airport of Venice.
In the “preliminary” study of the associated risks of operations of the Venice Airport we limited ourselves solely at the risks that derived from the presence of the Palais Lumiere tower and we only took in consideration the actual state of operations of the Airport and the existent structures.
Kite concentrated itself on two main problems: Prospective Analysis of the risks and changes deriving from the presence of the Palais Lumiere on the territory. The analysis process was done on more levels, using the tools developed by KITE for risk analysis in company Safety Management Systems.
Such tools used the most known methodologies and techniques for risk analysis, such as Bow-Tie, Event Trees and Fault Trees, the modern ARMS method, specific for aviation, and the most reliable human factors models (THERP, TESEO, etc). The principle results have been:
- The identification of threats that trigger possible “dangers”.
- The Qualitative Analysis.
- The selection of relevant dangers to consider.
- The Quantitative Analysis.
The preliminary study was consolidated and corroborated from a second deeper investigative phase that took in consideration a large spectrum of situations and dangers and side conditions, such as:
- Evaluation of the specific dangers relative to the different types of aircraft currently in use at Marco Polo airport.
- Extension of the survey in all metropolitan areas surrounding the airport field and in particular the areas influenced by the tower both in the construction phase and in function of possible related buildings.
- Prospective Analysis of the airport development, in terms of traffic and expansion of the takeoff/landing runaways, both in terms of traffic and of the surrounding metropolitan housed area.
In this deep study, we have analysed, an enormous variety of cases and dangerous situations, such as:
- Human errors more broadly defined as, human factors.
- Technical, structural, mechanical failures, not necessarily correlated with human factors.
- External events, such as bird strikes, weather factors, collisions with objects that have remained on the runaway that have as sideshow the loss of control and possible collision against a building.
The evaluation of the consequences and the probability of their taking place have been done using the same methods of calculation elicited giving origin to the global risk evaluation, that is universally recognised as the most objective, systematic and reliable process to weigh-out the safety state of an organisation. Such a “state”, measured in terms of probability and gravity of occurrence, must result in the values identified and accepted from Authorities that are defined in a Risk Matrix (RM) defined by national and international norms.